Multi-Tiered System of Supports (MTSS)

MTSS Triangle

Jennifer Rollenhagen

MTSS Manager

A Multi-Tiered System of Supports (MTSS) is a comprehensive framework supporting instruction for a full range of learners from struggling to the accelerated, utilizing intervention, assessment, staff selection and development, leadership, resource allocation, effective communication, and system processes and protocols. Academic, behavioral, and social-emotional supports are provided within this tiered system. Positive Behavioral Intervention Supports (PBIS) and Response to Intervention (RtI) are part of an overall MTSS framework.

MTSS intentionally interconnects the education, health, and human service systems in support of successful learners, schools, centers, and community outcomes. 

The five essential components of MTSS as defined by the Michigan Department of Education are:

  • Team-Based Leadership

  • Tiered Delivery System

  • Selection and Implementation of Instruction, Intervention, and Supports

  • Comprehensive Screening and Assessment System

  • Continuous Data-Based Decision-Making


Tier 1

Universal instruction and support provided to ALL learners schoolwide

Tier 2

Targeted instruction and support provided to a small group of learners in addition to Tier 1

Tier 3

Intensive instruction and support provided to individual learners in addition to Tiers 1 & 2

Additional Resources